Conjunctiva is the thin clear tissue which lies over the white part of the eye and forms lining of the inside of the eyelid; its inflammation is known as conjunctivitis.


Viruses (most common)


Irritants like shampoos, dust, smoke, swimming pool

chlorine, etc.

Allergens like dust, pollens, contact lens allergies.



It is contagious, spreads form person to person

through direct/indirect contact.



Redness in eyes, swelling of eyelids

Watering from eyes

Yellow, greenish or white discharge form eyes.

Blurred vision

Itching or burning sensation in eyes

Increased sensitivity and discomfort to light.


 How to prevent spread of infection?

Good hygiene is very important. It will help in preventing the catching of infection.

  1. Wash hands frequently with soap & water.
  2. Avoid touching your eyes & face.
  3. Do not share towels, handkerchief, etc.
  4. Do not share cosmetics.
  5. Throw the contact lenses worn during infection.
  6. Patient should take rest and avoid socializing or going to school before recovery.
  7. Change pillow covers frequently.
  8. Clean eye discharge and crust with cotton dipped in warm water and wash hands thoroughly.



  • Ophthalmologist is the eye specialist to be consulted for all eye problems.
  • Antibiotic eye drops are prescribed for bacterial infections.
  • Viral infections are mostly self resolving, in some cases oral antiviral therapy might be given.
  • Usually it takes 4 to 7 days to heal; in case of complications specialist should be approached promptly.


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